Context: A butterfly garden housing more than 10 species of non-listed butterflies was formally inaugurated at Axel Public School, Guwahati.
- The initiative has been taken under the aegis of the Regional Science Centre.
- The garden, having butterflies mostly found in the Garbhanga forest region, has been set up with the objective to create awareness about nature and maintain ecological balance mostly amongst the students.
- The norms and the standards laid down by the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF) and Assam State Biodiversity Board.
- The growing concerns for depletion of overall biological diversity world-wide led to the establishment and adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992.
- Taking the Convention’s provisions and to deal with management of our biological resources, Government of India has enacted the Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
- At the national level, National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) has been established to implement the Act with headquarters in Chennai (Tamil Nadu) under Sec. 8 of the Act.
- The State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs) are formed at state level and Biodiversity Management committees (BMC) are constituted by the local bodies to decentralize the implementation of the Act.
- In exercise of powers conferred under sub-section (I) of Section 22 of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 (Act 18 of 2003), the Government of Assam constituted the “Assam Biodiversity Board” on 29th September 2010 to promote biodiversity conservation in the State of Assam, sustainable use of its components and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources of the state and traditional knowledge associated with these resources and matters incidental thereto or connected therewith. The headquarter of the Board is located at Guwahati.